An old industrial area, that continues to evolve and adapt to the needs of the user and the environment without any control, unwittingly has created itself an expressive image. These spatial mutations, result of uncontrolled actions, are considered to be the most valuable feature of the area. In order not to destroy the process but rather to subordinate, design principles which simulate actions happening in the territory are created. Similarly reconstruction of the building is done, in the meantime testing this new design principle for industrial territory.
Area: The area is studied and 11 most characteristic elements are marked. An element consists of functionally spatial arrangement intended for a specific purpose. Multiplicity of elements in the territory creates such diverse expressive spaces.
Elements of territory: Each element’s interaction with the environment is studied closer. Over time each of these elements has been deformed and transformed, thus creating new unplanned spatial units. Exactly this uncontrolled process is considered to be a fundamental value characterizing the whole territory.
Charecter forming compounds: Over time, just like a nature Man confronts the existing territory’s structure by transforming it regarding his own needs / views. Due to formation of functionally various connections parallely arisesan unplanned, unique space. I translate these spatial formations as a compounds of elements and their interaction.
Probable compounds of elements: After territorial analysis all the compounds of these 11 elements located in the area are summed up. These 29 existing compounds serve as an example for new artificial formations. Estimation shows that a total of 55 compounds are possible. Assuming that each of them might be either static or dynamic. 110 connections have a potential to create new spatial formations.
Verification of compounds: To examine the theory, identical actions as those found in the territory are simulated. By layering one element over an other, new situations - interactions between elements are created. The translation of process will be the tool for further controlled design in order to retain the character of territory and to preserve unpredictability of resulting solutions.
Analysis of buildings elements: These defined design steps are used working on a particular building in area. Adjacent elements are listed and their interaction is simulated throughout the building. Spatial features arising from the conflict of the elements determine the necessary functions.
Verification of buildings compounds:
By using this architectural technique, each compound’s appearance is created, and its proportion adapted for dimensions demanded by specific function.
Each element’s (park, street, courtyard, residential building, etc.) character is preserved during the process. It ensures provision of its basic function, in the same time creating unplanned spatial formations, which might be inhabited by unpredicted functions.
Positioning of elements: Planned coincidence is created beyond my control. Result requires additional analysis and comprehension of spatially functional potential. Building continues mutation similarly to the process happening in the territory, providing basic functions, in the meantime creating not designed space, which as a discovery inspires for something new.
Author: Reinis Salins